Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine
Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine
Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine

Swiss NEMA Cipher Machine

  • This Swiss NEMA cipher machine is an exceptional piece of military and engineering history
  • The NEMA or "New Machine" was created by the Swiss to replace the German-engineered Enigma K
  • Only 640 of these machines were ever made, with this model being one of the rare war machines
  • Though developed too late for WWII, NEMA was used extensively throughout the Cold War era
Request More Info Add to bag
To order by phone or get more info call us at 1-888-711-8084
Item No. 30-8170
$28,850
description
specifications
Discover more
description
The Swiss NEMA cipher machine is an extraordinary piece of both military and mechanical engineering history. Known as the Neue Machine, or “New Machine”, the NEMA was developed by Zellweger AG in Uster, Switzerland during World War II to replace the German-engineered “Enigma K” after the Swiss realized that both the Allies and the Germans were able to break the Swiss traffic. One of the few rare models intended as a war machine, the present piece is an exceptionally well-preserved example of this extraordinary machine.

Visually similar to the Enigma, the NEMA used a 10-wheel mechanism: five “stepping” or “drive” wheels, four coding wheels (rotors) and one reflector wheel that is movable during encryption. The use of the reflector allowed designers to effectively replace the plug board found on the Enigma. The reflector and coding wheels are the only wheels that are electrically wired, while the stepping wheels feature mechanical cams that control the stepping of the coding and reflector wheels. The addition of the movable reflector and stepping wheels allowed the NEMA codes to be more “irregular” and therefore, harder to break.

Developed between 1941 and 1943 by a team of Swiss mathematics professors led by Captain Arthur Alder at the University of Bern, the first prototype was completed in 1944. After modifications in 1945, the final versions were created by Zellweger AG and released for service in 1947. Though too late to be utilized during World War II, the NEMA became widely used by the Swiss Army and the Diplomatic Service during the Cold War era.

Only 640 of these machines are believed to have been created by Zellweger AG. This particular model was one of the rare war machines that were kept in reserve storage to be used in the event of war. Though the exact number of war machines made remains classified, these models are extraordinarily rare. The case features the following label:Nur bei Kriegsmobilmachung abgeben! Ne délivrer qu'en cas de mobilisation de guerre! Da consegn. solo in caso di mobilitazione di guerra !, meaning "Issue only in case of war mobilization" in three languages.

The NEMA machine bears its original plaques and markings

Circa 1946

5 3/4” high x 13“ wide x 14 3/4“ deep
specifications
Period: 20th Century
Type:Historical Memorabilia
Width:13 Inches
Height:5 3/4 Inches
Discover more

The Special Forces Radio: How It Works

A crystal radio can be thought of as a radio receiver reduced to its essentials It consists at a minimum of these components An antenna to pick up the radio waves and convert them to electric currents A tuned circuit...
A crystal radio can be thought of as a radio receiver reduced to its essentials It consists at a minimum of these components An antenna to pick up the radio waves and convert them to electric currents A tuned circuit...
read more

German Enigma Machine: Rare WWII Antique Artifacts

Perhaps surprisingly for me my favorite piece in our antique gallery is our Enigma Cipher machine I have always been attracted to beauty rarity and history and although this wonderful machine rates an A plus on the Rarity and History...
Perhaps surprisingly for me my favorite piece in our antique gallery is our Enigma Cipher machine I have always been attracted to beauty rarity and history and although this wonderful machine rates an A plus on the Rarity and History...
read more
Related Items
Back to Top back to top