Glossary

Jacobean

Period in English design from 1603 to 1688, characterized by practicality and a tendency toward Baroque. Early American furniture is based on this period. Box-like and architectural in style.

Jacquard

Type of weave done on a loom invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in 1801, making possible a variety of intricate patterns. Demasks, brocades, and tapestries can be woven on jacquard looms.

Japan patterns

Japanese-inspired designs on English pottery and porcelain (for example, Worcester)

Japanning

Term used for European techniques to imitate designs from the Far East.

jardiniere

A plant or flower container

jasper dip and jasperware

A fine-grained unglazed stoneware perfected by Wedgwood in 1775. This white stoneware could be stained with different colors, usually blue, lilac, sage green and black. From about 1780 on the coloring could be on the outer surface only and is known as jasper dip.

Joinery

The craft of assembling woodwork by means of mortise and tenon, dovetail, tongue and groove, dowels, etc.

Jubako

Japanese picnic box