Heavily decorated Japanese porcelain with overglaze enamels and gilding. Popular in the first half of the 18th century.


A pattern or carving produced by cutting into a stone, wood, or other hard surface. The reverse of relief carving.


Form of decoration used in furniture and ceramics, inlay is when part of a surface is removed and replaced with a contrasting material.


A decorative technique in which a design is cut into a hard surface. Intaglio is also the Italian word for carving.

Irish Furniture (18th-Century)

During the 18th century, very few Irish families were wealthy enough to afford luxurious furnishings. With middle-class demand virtually non-existant, almost all Irish furniture was of exceptional quality and crafted exclusively for the tiny aristocratic population. Though talented 18th-century Irish craftsmen produced only a relatively few pieces, their work is considered among the finest ever. Today, Irish furniture is highly sought after by collectors, though few pieces are found on the market.

Ironstone china

Created to imitate porcelain, Ironstone china was first made in England in 1813 by Charles James Mason of Staffordshire and was known as "Mason's Ironstone." Ironstone china is very hard, opaque and pale-bodied.