Glossary

Fabergé

Extraordinary jeweled works of art by Peter Carl Fabergé, legendary jeweler to the Czars of Russia.

Faience

Richly decorated and colorful pottery produced first in Faenza, Italy and at Rouen, France about 1644. Small flowers, cornucopias and arrows are typical motifs done in blue, green, and yellow on a cream white background.

Fairyland Lustre (Wedgwood)

Daisy Maekig-Jones’ arrival at the Wedgwood factory came at a most opportune moment in that company’s illustrious history. For centuries, Wedgwood had been a leader in innovation and design, but by the early 20th century, they teetered on the brink of financial ruin. The public had tired of the classic motifs and muted colors of traditional Wedgwood, instead seeking something more vibrant and uplifting, no doubt to distract them from the hardships brought on by the First World War. When Maekig-Jones’ introduced her dazzling designs and cutting-edge glazing techniques in 1915, it proved to be the perfect antidote for the ailing Wedgwood factory. Her fantastical fairies and enchanted forests filled with butterflies, dragons and playful pixies captivated the public and led many to believe she was delightfully and brilliantly mad. Maekig-Jones‘ Fairyland Lustre line single-handedly pulled Wedgwood back to profitability. Maekig-Jones retired in 1931, leaving behind an amazing body of work that continues to enchant and entice collectors today.

Fauteuil

French open-armed chair with upholstered seat and back.

Federal

An American period 1780-1830 influenced by English Adam, Sheraton, Regency, Hepplewhite, French Directoire, and Empire. Mahogany was used extensively but cherry, pine, and maple were also used. The most common ornament on this period of furniture was the eagle.

feldspathic glaze

The glaze on hard-paste porcelain which fuses into a type of natural glass at a very high temperature.

filigree (metal)

Decorative technique using open or backed wire work. The fine wire is typically gold or silver and is worked into an intricate design.

Finial

An ornmant used as a terminating motif usually in the form of a ball, flame, flower, acorn, pineapple, or vase.

finial

An ornamental knob usually on the cover of a tureen or similar, where it serves as a handle.

Fleur-de-lis

The conventionalized iris flower used by the former kings of France as a decorative motif symbolizing royalty.

Flip-top

A table having two leaves, one on top of the other.

Fluting

Decoration formed by making parallel, concave grooves. In classical architecture they are commonly seen on column shafts and run in a vertical direction.

French Ivory

Synthetic ivory. An artificial plastic produced to imitate ivory first produced by the Xylonite Company in 1866. Other names include Celluloid, Ivoride, Ivorine, Ivorite and Pyralin.

French polish

A durable finish of high gloss created by applying successive layers of shellac varnish to wood. The degree of shine may vary froma subtle gloss to a mirrored gloss. The name is used because it is believed to have been first used in France in the late 1600s.

French Provincial

Furniture style created by craftsmen in the French provinces. Local woods were generally used for pieces that were practical for the home. Tended to be simpler versions of the Louis XV style

Fresco

A painting done on plaster before it dries, generally in mural decoration.

fretwork

Elaborate form of pierced decoration in wood created by using a fretsaw.